FALL PROTECTION EQUIPMENT
MAKING FALL PROTECTION A TOP PRIORITY
“Falls are among the most common causes of serious work-related injuries and deaths. Employers must set up the workplace to prevent employees from falling off of overhead platforms, elevated work stations or into holes in the floor and walls.” – Occupational Health and Safety Administration (OSHA)
Every year since 2012 fall protection violations have earned the top spot on OSHA’s Top 10 list of most cited violations. Inadequate fall protection can put your business at a higher risk for employee injury and death. Below are seven ways your company can make fall protection a top priority.
1) Enhance your safety training
The path to effective fall protection begins with a top-notch safety training program. When properly organized, safety training will effectively engage employees and prime them for safe and productive employment. Here are some tips to help you design a safety training program that will help you in your mission to prevent falls.
- Consider using a learning management system (LMS). Supplementing your hands-on safety training with an online training platform (an LMS) is useful in multiple ways. First, an LMS enables employees to learn about safety policies using their favorite mobile device. Second, employees can master safety policies at their own pace. And third, companies save time and money on training expenses because learning can take place at any location.
- Make fall protection a point of emphasis. With OSHA citing falls as one of the most common causes of work injuries and deaths, it is paramount that employees receive in-depth training on fall protection strategies. Employees should have a strong working knowledge of the most common causes of falls and the specific measures they can take to avoid high-risk situations.
- Do not overlook seasonal and temporary employees. Seasonal and temporary employees play a key role in successful supply chain and warehouse operations – especially during the holidays. With the National Retail Federation (NRF) reporting that holiday sales represented 20% of sales produced in 2017, you need to make sure that employees receive a thorough introduction to safety and compliance procedures. Failure to properly train temporary staff can increase your risk of employee injury and OSHA violations.
2) Establish a culture of safety
“To build a thriving safety culture, companies need to focus on both the procedures and processes that guide their operations, as well as the attitudes and behaviors of every employee. It’s not as simple as creating new workplace rules. It involves a new way of thinking about fatality and injury prevention.”
3) Identify your hot spots for falls
Once you and your employees are fully committed to optimizing safety, the next step in the fall protection process is to identify the areas in your warehouse where falls are most likely to occur. Here are some of the locations where fall risk is the highest:
- Mezzanines: A growing number of warehouses are using mezzanines to increase their storage space. Unfortunately, not all mezzanines are structurally sound and many do not feature signs that indicate the mezzanine’s load capacity. As a result, mezzanines can become overcrowded and dangerous for employees who are loading and unloading materials.
- Loading docks: 25% of all warehouse injuries take place on loading docks. Many of these injuries are sustained when employees and delivery personnel fall from docks during loading and unloading, or when delivery trucks separate from the dock. Falls are even more likely when loading dock surfaces become wet or slippery due to rain or snow.
- Skylights and other holes: A growing number of facilities feature skylights to help provide natural light. OSHA considers skylights to be roof holes, which present danger to employees and visitors. Pits or holes around construction areas also present increased fall risks to employees and patrons, highlighting the need for fall protection.
4) Upgrade your fall protection equipment
Once you have established a culture of safety and identified the high-risk areas in your facility, it is time to focus on your fall protection equipment. By investing in robust, dependable fall protection systems, you can reduce the risk of injury in facilities with mezzanines and other elevated work platforms.
Not all manufacturers are created equal, so it is important to carefully evaluate equipment providers to ensure that the systems you purchase are both reliable and cost-effective. Harriman offers a host of ergonomic fall protection systems that are ideal for use in warehouses and other industrial settings. Here are a few of the products that can help you optimize fall protection:
- Overhead fall arrest system: Gorbel’s Tether Track™ Rigid Rail Fall Arrest System offers workers mobility and flexibility while helping to prevent them from falling to lower levels. Most systems are made to accommodate multiple workers who weigh up to 310 pounds with their tools.
- Free standing systems: Gorbel’s free standing monorail fall protection systems are ideal for facilities with workers who maintain, inspect, and unload flatbed trucks and tankers. You can choose from heights up to 26 feet to provide adequate protection for workers.
- Mobile or portable fall protection systems: Mobile or portable systems are ideal for busy warehouse environments where workers are highly mobile. Each system features a body harness, an anchor, and a shock-absorbing fall arrest lanyard or self-retracting lanyard (SRL). Gorbel offers 5 day quick shipping on most of their mobile systems.
5) Safeguard your loading dock
“Loading docks can be dangerous. About 25 percent of all reported warehouse injuries occur on loading docks, and for each incident, hundreds of near misses occur. Causes of dock injury include truck separation from the dock and falls from the dock – particularly when a forklift backs off the platform and falls on the operator.” – Safety + Health Magazine
One of the best ways to prevent falls in your loading dock area is to install safety gates. Safety gates are easy to install and provide a host of safety benefits to warehouse employees. First, they provide a visual barrier that alerts drivers and employees to proceed with caution. Second, they can be used alongside a guardrail system to help protect all sides of your loading dock area. And third, they provide an extra element of protection from falls.
6) Cover floor openings and skylights with screens
Covering floor openings and skylights with screens or railings helps facilities comply with OSHA regulations that require “every skylight floor opening and hole” to be guarded by a skylight screen or railing. When selecting skylight screens, make sure that you carefully follow the guidelines OSHA outlines for mounting and positioning:
“Skylight screens shall be of such construction and mounting that they are capable of withstanding a load of at least 200 pounds applied perpendicularly at any one area on the screen…The construction shall be of grillwork with openings not more than 4 inches long or of slatwork with openings not more than 2 inches wide with length unrestricted.” – Occupational Health and Safety Administration 1910.21-30
7) Schedule internal safety inspections
An internal safety inspection accomplishes a host of goals. First, safety inspections remind employees how important it is to have fall protection measures in place. Second, safety inspections alert management to new safety challenges that may have arisen. And third, internal inspections can help prepare facilities for formal audits and inspections by OSHA and other regulatory agencies.
Safety inspections should be conducted on a quarterly basis, or as recommended by accrediting organizations. When conducted regularly, safety inspections help employees get into the habit of using the proper equipment and adhering to fall protection guidelines. OSHA outlines some key benefits of internal safety inspections:
“You will be able to prevent many hazards from occurring through scheduled and documented self-inspections. Make sure established safe work practices are being followed and those unsafe conditions or procedures are identified and corrected properly. Scheduled inspections are in addition to the everyday safety and health checks that are part of the routine duties of managers and supervisors.” – State of California Cal / OSHA Guide
Fall Systems & Superstructures
At Harriman, we provide free-standing structures protect employees in the workplaces. These structures help protect against the number one cause of on-the-job fatalities—falls. Save your company from loss of productivity and worker’s compensation by investing in a safer way to work. We supply a variety of fall protection systems and services including:
- Free-standing monorails
- Ceiling supported monorails
- Free-standing bridge crane systems
- Retractable jib cranes
- Ceiling mounted bridge systems
- Stairs, walkways, and draw bridges
- Service platforms
- Body harnesses, shock absorbing lanyards, and self-retracting life lines
- Inspection services of fall protection systems
In a personal fall arrest system, a lanyard connects a body harness to an anchor or a horizontal or vertical lifeline. Lanyards are typically made from 3 foot to 6-foot lengths of synthetic webbing or rope, or wire rope, with attached connectors such as snap hooks, carabiners, or other devices. Lanyards may have built-in shock absorbers to reduce the impact of a fall.
Always select the shortest possible lanyard. The longer the lanyard, the longer the fall and the greater the fall forces. Even shortfalls can generate huge amounts of force. Lanyards must be selected to limit free falls to no more than 6 feet and 1,800 pounds of force.
Consult a Harriman Material Handling representative to assist in selecting the lanyard best suited for your application.
- Stretchable Single Hook
- Stretchable Double Hook
- Vinyl Covered Cable
- Twin Leg
- Web Loop
- Tie Back
- Kevlar Webbing
- Rope Lanyard
- Steel Cable
- Heavy Duty
The full-body safety harness is a key part of an active fall arrest system. The harness serves two purposes: first, distributing fall forces safely across a worker’s body in the event of a free fall, and second, providing freedom of movement sufficient to allow the worker to effectively perform his or her job. The full-body harness combines the features of a seat harness, which supports the hips and upper legs, and a chest harness, which supports the shoulders and chest. When properly used, the full-body design contains the human torso and aids in keeping it upright during a fall event.
Full-body safety harnesses are manufactured from different types of fabric webbing that are sewn together into various configurations or straps. Common harness webbing fabrics include nylon and polyester. Specialty fabrics like Kevlar are used for harnesses used in hazardous applications like welding and arc flash environments. The harness straps are tightened to the body with buckles. Common harness buckles include the tongue, quick attachment, and spring tension buckles. A standard full-body harness has straps and buckles that tighten around the shoulders, legs, and chest.
The fall protection specialists at Harriman Material Handling are here to help you select the right harness for your application.
- Standard Vest Style
- Cross-Over Style
- Construction Style
- Tower Climbing
- Step-In Style Reflective
- Work Vest
- Dorsal Web Loop
- Off-Shore Lifejacket
- Camo Harness